First of all, the Taras in Buddhism are bodhissvats of compassion. The female form of Chenrezig is Tara. Chenrezig did not want to leave the earth because he wanted to wait until everyone had reached enlightenment.
It seems like there are many different versions of how Tara came to be. Yet it all of them revolve around Chenrezig’s tears. I found two different stories, each were done prior to Chenrezig going into Nirvana. First story is Tara emerged from a lotus because of the lake made by Chenrezig’s tears. Another tale is that he shed a tear from each eye. From the left tear Green Tara emerged and from the right tear White Tara emerged. There are 21 different Taras, and each one gives off different energy to protect. Two of the most noteworthy Taras are Green and White.
Dolma is Green Tara’s Tibetan name and she is the compassionate protector. Most notably, she sits in a stance that makes it so, she is ready to get up quickly. Therefore she can easily help someone who needs protection. Green Tara is seated with one leg on the ground. “Her left hand is in the refuge-granting mudra (gesture); her right hand makes the boon-granting (giving) gesture. Rested in her hands she holds closed blue lotuses (utpalas), which symbolize purity and power.” (Quoted From) She also protects from Lions (pride), wild elephants (delusion and ignorance), forest fires (hatred), jealousy (depicted by snakes), robbers (wrong views), prisons (greed and miserliness) floods (desire and attachment), and demons (doubts caused by delusion).
Her mantra: “om tare tuttare ture svaha”
(“I prostrate to the Liberator, Mother of all the Victorious Ones.”)
Another name for White Tara in Tibetan is Dolkar. She is the healer of physical and mental.
Opposite of Green Tara, White Tara is a meditative diamond lotus position were her feet are under her and are facing skyward. Most noteworthy, there are eyes located throughout her body to represent her commitment to see all suffering. On her forehead, on each hand, and each foot has an eye.
In other images of her she has an image of Amitabha right above her head or on her headdress. Amitabha is a Buddha known for longevity.
In her left hand, White Tara holds a stem of the Utpala lotus flower with three blossoms. The blossoms are represented as a seed (past), a second as ready to bloom (future), and the third in full bloom (present).
Her Mantra: Om Tare Tuttare Ture Mama Ayur Pune Gyana Puntin Kuru
( It translates into a strong request to increase longevity, merit and wisdom)
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